Spectral computation of reactive bi-directional hydromagnetic non-Newtonian convection flow from a stretching upper parabolic surface in non-Darcy porous medium

Shahid, A, Bhatti, MM, Beg, OA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5925-6711, Animasaun, IL and Javid, K 2021, 'Spectral computation of reactive bi-directional hydromagnetic non-Newtonian convection flow from a stretching upper parabolic surface in non-Darcy porous medium' , International Journal of Modern Physics B . (In Press)

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The current article presents a mathematical model for bi-directional convection magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) tangent hyperbolic nanofluid flow from the upper horizontal subsurface of a stretching parabolic surface to a non-Darcian porous medium, as a simulation of nano-coating. Chemical reaction, activation energy and thermosolutal buoyancy effects are included. The Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer model is deployed which permits the analysis of inertial (second order) porous drag effects. The Buongiorno nanoscale model is deployed which includes Brownian motion and thermophoresis effects. The dimensionless, transformed, nonlinear, coupled ordinary differential equations are solved by implementing the spectral relaxation method (SRM). Validation with previous studies is included. The numerical influence of key parameters on transport characteristics is evaluated and visualized graphically. Velocity is elevated (and momentum boundary layer thickness is reduced) with increasing wall thickness parameter, permeability parameter, Forchheimer parameter, Weissenberg (rheological) parameter and modified Hartmann (magnetic body force) number. Velocity enhancement is also computed with increment in stretching rate parameter, rheological power-law index, thermal Grashof number, and species (solutal) Grashof number, and momentum boundary layer thickness diminishes. Temperature is suppressed with increasing stretching rate index and Prandtl number whereas it is substantially elevated with increasing Brownian motion and thermophoresis parameters. Velocity and temperature profiles are reduced adjacent to the parabolic surface with larger wall thickness parameter for stretching rate index < 1, whereas the reverse behaviour is observed for stretching rate index>1. Nano-particle concentration magnitude is depleted with larger numeric of Lewis number and the Brownian motion parameter, whereas it is enhanced with greater values of the stretching index and thermophoresis parameter. The nanoparticle concentration magnitude is reduced with an increase in chemical reaction rate parameter whereas it is boosted with activation energy parameter. Skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are also computed. The study is relevant to electromagnetic nano-materials coating processes with complex chemical reactions.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Modern Physics B
Publisher: World Scientific
ISSN: 0217-9792
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 09:15
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 09:15
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61760

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