Improved biopharmaceutical attributes of lumefantrine using choline mimicking drug delivery system : preclinical investigation on NK-65 P.berghei murine model

Kaur, R, Gorki, V, Katare, OP, Dhingra, N, Chauhan, M, Kaur, R, Nirmalan, NJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9000-298X and Singh, B 2021, 'Improved biopharmaceutical attributes of lumefantrine using choline mimicking drug delivery system : preclinical investigation on NK-65 P.berghei murine model' , Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 18 (10) , pp. 1533-1552.

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Abstract

Background Lumefantrine (LMF) is first-line antimalarial drug, possesses activity against almost all human malarial parasites, but the in vivo activity of this molecule gets thwarted due to its low and inconsistent oral bioavailability (i.e. 4–12%) owing to poor biopharmaceutical attributes. Methods Lumefantrine phospholipid complex (LMF-PC) was prepared by rota-evaporation method following job’s plot technique for the selection of apt stoichiometric ratios. Docking studies were carried out to determine the possible interaction(s) of LMF with phosphatidylcholine analogue. Comparative in vitro physiochemical, solid-state characterization, MTT assay, dose-response on P. falciparum, in vivo efficacy studies including pharmacokinetic and chemosuppression on NK-65 P. berghei infected mice were carried out. Results Aqueous solubility was distinctly improved (i.e. 345 times) with phospholipid complex of LMF. Cytotoxicity studies on Hela and fibroblast cell lines demonstrated safety of LMF-PC with selectivity indices of 4395 and 5139, respectively. IC50 value was reduced almost 2.5 folds. Significant enhancement in Cmax (3.3-folds) and AUC (2.7-folds) of rat plasma levels indicated notable pharmacokinetic superiority of LMF-PC over LMF suspension. Differential leukocytic count and cytokine assay delineated plausible immunoregulatory role of LMF-PC with nearly 98% chemosuppression and over 30 days of post-survival. Conclusion Superior antimalarial efficacy and survival time with full recovery of infected mice revealed through histopathological studies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref journal articles via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 1742-5247; eissn 1744-7593 **History: published 03-10-2021; issued 19-07-2021; published_online 19-07-2021
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1742-5247
Related URLs:
Funders: gratefully acknowledge the Department of Science and Technology
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2021 08:17
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 08:17
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61956

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