Developing framework for the reconstruction of housing for the internally displaced people due to conflict

Abdu, YA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1865-5729 2021, Developing framework for the reconstruction of housing for the internally displaced people due to conflict , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

As a result of Boko Haram conflict in Nigeria, many people have been displaced and a lot of houses destroyed. The displaced people are presently domiciled in different temporary camps across the country and the camps are in bad condition without electricity, clean drinking water, food, medical attention, security and education among others. However, the biggest challenge the displaced people are facing is lack of decent housing which has exposed these group of people to all sort of environmental and man-made dangers such as rape, crime, child labour, prostitution and diseases, most especially women and children. Therefore, this research aims at developing a framework for the reconstruction of housing for internally displaced people (IDP) due to conflict. In so doing, relevant literature including the ones relating to the different types of approaches utilisedutilised for the reconstruction of housing for IDPs was evaluated as building blocks to the development of a conceptual framework Furthermore, abductive approach comprising survey and case study strategies as well as mixed data collection methods (questionnaires and semi-structured interviews) were adopted. This led to the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data. The questionnaire was distributed to the IDPs and housing construction professionals whilst the semi structured interviews were conducted with housing construction professionals as part of data triangulation. Descriptive analysis was carried out to describe the quantitative data using SPSS whilst thematic approach was adopted to analyse the qualitative data using NVivo. The findings revealed that Maiduguri town that was designed to house two million people but because of Boko Haram conflict, the city presently accommodates up to five million people which has overstretched houses in Maiduguri. A house that is built for a family of two or three people now accommodates between nine to ten people due to high demand. However, approaches that can be adopted for the reconstruction of housing for the IDPs due to Boko Haram conflict in Maiduguri were identified. The research further identified the challenges associated with reconstruction of housing for the IDPs due to Boko Haram conflict in Maiduguri, and how to overcome or address the challenges. All these findings were used to finalise the conceptual framework. The framework will provide useful guidelines to government, housing construction professionals and other stakeholders such as NGOs, international development agencies etc. For the formulation and implementation of far reaching policies/strategies towards proving housing for IDPs due to conflict.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Gyau, KAB (Supervisor) and Udeaja, CE (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Funders: Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF), Sokoto State Scholarship Board
Depositing User: YAKUBU ABDULKADIR Abdu
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 14:15
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 14:15
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/62030

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