Selective memory searching does not explain the poor recall of future-oriented feedback

Nash, RA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2284-2001, Winstone, NE and Gregory, SEA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2601-2873 2021, 'Selective memory searching does not explain the poor recall of future-oriented feedback' , Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition, 10 (3) , pp. 467-478.

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Abstract

Feedback is invaluable for learning, yet people frequently fail to remember their feedback. Recent studies have demonstrated that people are better at recalling evaluative, past-oriented feedback than directive, future-oriented feedback. This paper tests one possible explanation: namely, that people neglect to search their memory for directive information they have encoded. Participants (N = 759), attempted to recall feedback they had read about their own (Experiment 1) or another person's performance (Experiments 2A−4). We attempted to foster recall of directive feedback via a structured recall task (Experiments 1−2B) or a perspective-taking instruction (Experiment 3). All experiments replicated the preferential recall of evaluative feedback, but our manipulations did not moderate this bias. Experiment 4 replicated the bias using non-educational feedback, and provided tentative indications that it might not translate beyond the feedback domain. The data suggest that selective retrieval processes are not responsible for people's poor recall of directive feedback.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2211-3681
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Samantha Gregory
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 11:49
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 12:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/62162

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