Fundamental nursing care in patients with the SARS-CoV-2 virus : results from the ‘COVID-NURSE’ mixed methods survey into nurses’ experiences of missed care and barriers to care

Sugg, HVR, Russell, A-M, Morgan, LM, Iles-Smith, HM ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0520-2694, Richards, DA, Morley, N, Burnett, S, Cockcroft, EJ, Thompson Coon, J, Cruickshank, S, Doris, FE, Hunt, HA, Kent, M, Logan, PA, Rafferty, AM, Shepherd, MH, Singh, SJ, Tooze, SJ and Whear, R 2021, 'Fundamental nursing care in patients with the SARS-CoV-2 virus : results from the ‘COVID-NURSE’ mixed methods survey into nurses’ experiences of missed care and barriers to care' , BMC Nursing, 20 (1) , p. 215.

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Abstract

Background: Patient experience of nursing care is associated with safety, care quality, treatment outcomes, costs and service use. Effective nursing care includes meeting patients’ fundamental physical, relational and psychosocial needs, which may be compromised by the challenges of SARS-CoV-2. No evidence-based nursing guidelines exist for patients with SARS-CoV-2. We report work to develop such a guideline. Our aim was to identify views and experiences of nursing staff on necessary nursing care for inpatients with SARS-CoV-2 (not invasively ventilated) that is omitted or delayed (missed care) and any barriers to this care. Methods: We conducted an online mixed methods survey structured according to the Fundamentals of Care Framework. We recruited a convenience sample of UK-based nursing staff who had nursed inpatients with SARS-CoV-2 not invasively ventilated. We asked respondents to rate how well they were able to meet the needs of SARS-CoV-2 patients, compared to non-SARS-CoV-2 patients, in 15 care categories; select from a list of barriers to care; and describe examples of missed care and barriers to care. We analysed quantitative data descriptively and qualitative data using Framework Analysis, integrating data in side-by-side comparison tables. Results: Of 1062 respondents, the majority rated mobility, talking and listening, non-verbal communication, communicating with significant others, and emotional wellbeing as worse for patients with SARS-CoV-2. Eight barriers were ranked within the top five in at least one of the three care areas. These were (in rank order): wearing Personal Protective Equipment, the severity of patients’ conditions, inability to take items in and out of isolation rooms without donning and doffing Personal Protective Equipment, lack of time to spend with patients, lack of presence from specialised services e.g. physiotherapists, lack of knowledge about SARS-CoV-2, insufficient stock, and reluctance to spend time with patients for fear of catching SARS-CoV-2. Conclusions: Our respondents identified nursing care areas likely to be missed for patients with SARS-CoV-2, and barriers to delivering care. We are currently evaluating a guideline of nursing strategies to address these barriers, which are unlikely to be exclusive to this pandemic or the environments represented by our respondents. Our results should, therefore, be incorporated into global pandemic planning.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1472-6955 **Article IDs: publisher-id: s12912-021-00746-5; manuscript: 746 **History: collection 12-2021; online 01-11-2021; published 01-11-2021; registration 21-10-2021; accepted 08-10-2021; submitted 18-12-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Nursing
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1472-6955
Related URLs:
Funders: Medical Research Council (MRC), National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 11:06
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 11:15
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/62263

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