A new species of mammalian trypanosome, Trypanosoma (Megatrypanum) bubalisi sp. nov., found in the freshwater leech Hirudinaria manillensis

Su, B-X, Wang, J-F, Yang, T-B, Hide, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3608-0175, Lai, D-H and Lun, Z-R 2021, 'A new species of mammalian trypanosome, Trypanosoma (Megatrypanum) bubalisi sp. nov., found in the freshwater leech Hirudinaria manillensis' , International Journal for Parasitology .

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Abstract

Leeches have long been considered potential vectors for the aquatic lineage of trypanosomes, while bloodsucking insects are generally considered as the vectors for the terrestrial lineage of trypanosomes. The freshwater leech, Hirudinaria manillensis, is a widely distributed species in southern China and could potentially act as the vector for trypanosomes. Prior to this study, no trypanosomes had been reported from this leech. However, in this study, leeches were collected from three different places in Guangdong province, China, and a large number of flagellates were isolated and successfully cultured in vitro. Based on morphology, these flagellates looked like a typical trypanosome species. Analysis was carried out on the molecular sequences of the 18S rRNA gene and the glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH) gene. To our surprise, these flagellates were identified as likely to be a mammalian trypanosome belonging to the clade containing Trypanosoma (Megatrypanum) theileri but they are significantly different from the typical TthI and TthII stocks. Analyses of blood composition indicated that the source of the blood meal in these leeches was from the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). To further test if this flagellate from the freshwater leech was indeed a mammalian trypanosome, we transferred the trypanosomes cultured at 27°C to 37°C and they were able to successfully adapt to this mammalian body temperature, providing further supporting evidence. Due to the significant genetic differences from other related trypanosomes in the subgenus Megatrypanum, we propose that this flagellate, isolated from H. manillensis, is a new species and have named it Trypanosoma bubalisi. Our results indicate that freshwater leeches may be a potential vector of this new mammalian trypanosome. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1879-0135 **Article IDs: pubmed: 34863800; pii: S0020-7519(21)00316-7 **History: accepted 05-10-2021; revised 03-10-2021; submitted 21-07-2021
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal for Parasitology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0020-7519
Related URLs:
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2022 15:01
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2022 15:01
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/62590

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