Cultural influences on physical activity and exercise beliefs in patients with chronic kidney disease : ‘The Culture-CKD Study’—a qualitative study

Mayes, J ORCID:, Castle, EM, Greenwood, J, Ormandy, P ORCID:, Howe, PD and Greenwood, SA 2022, 'Cultural influences on physical activity and exercise beliefs in patients with chronic kidney disease : ‘The Culture-CKD Study’—a qualitative study' , BMJ Open, 12 (1) , e046950.

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Objectives: This study used a mixed-method approach to explore cultural and ethnic influences on the perception of, and decision to engage with or not to engage with, physical activity and exercise therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Design: Qualitative research was conducted through the use of semistructured interviews and focus groups. Self-reported physical activity levels were measured using the General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPPAQ), and self-efficacy for exercise with Bandura’s Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale. Setting: This study was conducted in a non-clinical setting of a single National Health Service Hospital Trust between April 2018 and July 2019. Participants: Participants >18 years of age with a diagnosis of CKD, from black African, black Caribbean, South Asian or white ethnicity were eligible for the study. 84 patients with a diagnosis of CKD (stages 2–5), aged 25–79 (mean age 57) were recruited. Semistructured interviews (n=20) and six single-sex, ethnic-specific focus group discussions were undertaken (n=36). Outcomes: Primary outcome was to explore the perceptions, attitudes and values about exercise and physical activity in different ethnic groups through qualitative interviews, analysed using an inductive thematic analysis approach. Questionnaires were analysed using Pearson correlation to determine if there was a significant relationship between the self-efficacy and GPPAQ levels. Results: Qualitative analysis provided four primary themes: I am who I am, Change of identity, Influences to physical activity and exercise and Support and education. Quantitative analysis using Pearson correlation revealed a significant correlation between GPPAQ levels of activity and self-efficacy to regulate exercise behaviour (r=−0.40, p=0.001). Conclusion: Understanding the cultural, attitudes and beliefs of individuals with CKD from a variety of ethnic backgrounds is complex. Understanding of patients’ experiences, thoughts and beliefs may be of relevance to clinicians when designing CKD exercise services. Trial registration number: NCT03709212; Pre-results.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 10-01-2022 ** From BMJ via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article starting on 10-01-2022: **Journal IDs: eissn 2044-6055 **Article IDs: publisher-id: bmjopen-2020-046950 **History: published_online 10-01-2022; published 01-2022; accepted 03-12-2021; submitted 17-11-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: BMJ Open
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
Related URLs:
Funders: Kidney Care UK & BRS Joint Grants Programme 2017, Kidney Research UK, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2022 09:26
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 16:51

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