Environmental DNA captures elasmobranch diversity in a temperate marine ecosystem

Liu, Zifang, Collins, Rupert A., Baillie, CJP, Rainbird, Sophie, Brittain, Rachel, Griffiths, Andrew M., Sims, David W., Mariani, Stefano ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5329-0553 and Genner, Martin J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1117-9168 2022, 'Environmental DNA captures elasmobranch diversity in a temperate marine ecosystem' , Environmental DNA .

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Abstract

Abstract: Many sharks, skates, and rays (elasmobranchs) are highly threatened by the activities of commercial fisheries, and a clear understanding of their distributions, diversity, and abundance can guide protective measures. However, surveying and monitoring elasmobranch species can be highly invasive or resource‐intensive, and utilization of non‐invasive environmental DNA‐based methods may overcome these problems. Here, we studied spatial and seasonal variation in the elasmobranch community of the Western English Channel using environmental DNA (eDNA) collected from surface and bottom waters periodically over an annual cycle (2017–2018). In total we recovered 13 elasmobranch species within eDNA samples, and the number of transformed eDNA reads was positively associated with species (hourly) catch data resolved from 105‐year time series trawl data (1914–2018). These results demonstrate the ability of eDNA to detect and semi‐quantitatively reflect the prevalence of historically dominant and rare elasmobranch species in this region. Notably, eDNA recorded a greater number of species per sampling event than a conventional trawl survey in the same area over the same sampling years (2017–2018). Several threatened species were recovered within the eDNA, including undulate ray, porbeagle shark, and thresher shark. Using eDNA, we found differences in elasmobranch communities among sampling stations and between seasons, but not between sampling depths. Collectively, our results suggest that non‐invasive eDNA‐based methods can be used to study the spatial and seasonal changes in the diversity and abundance of whole elasmobranch communities within temperate shelf habitats. Given the threatened status of many elasmobranchs in human‐impacted marine environments, eDNA analysis is poised to provide key information on their diversity and distributions to inform conservation‐focused monitoring and management.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental DNA
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2637-4943
Related URLs:
Funders: NERC Highlight Topic, China Scholarship Council
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 16 May 2022 12:41
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2022 10:16
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/63535

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