Economic impact of Ebola virus disease outbreak on an extractive firm: a case study

Tariq, H ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6835-5746, Emes, D, Boo, Y, Light, A, Sadique, Z, Khan, M, Knight, A, Dar, O and Manikam, L 2020, 'Economic impact of Ebola virus disease outbreak on an extractive firm: a case study' , UCL Open Environment, 2 .

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Abstract

Purpose: The recent Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic was one of the most severe public health emergencies in modern times. The economic impact of epidemics has mostly been analysed at the macroeconomic level. Conversely, we aimed to estimate the economic costs of preventive measures of the epidemic to an extractive firm, ArcelorMittal (AM), using data in the epidemic region from March 2014 to December 2015. AM is the world’s largest steel producer and is particularly important in West Africa, where the extractive industry is economically crucial. Methods: Qualitative methods, in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), were used to investigate the events and channels of impact of the epidemic on the firm, as perceived by employees and contractors. Quantitative data regarding these costs were also collected. Retrospective cost analysis estimated the actual cost of preventive methods adopted. Results: Most respondents indicated the largest cost impact was suspension of the Phase II expansion, a series of projects designed to increase iron ore production in Liberia. The next largest cost was the preventive measures adopted to counter disease spread. Total costs incurred for adopting preventive measures were USD 10.58–11.11 million. The overall direct costs of preventive measures adopted within the fence, meaning within the physical boundary of the firm’s sites, shared 30–31% of the total costs incurred. The share of external donations supporting humanitarian response was 11–12% of the total costs, followed by 7–12% of relational costs. Conclusions: The firm’s response during the EVD epidemic focussed on its employees and operations, which was later expanded to the wider community and then in supporting the international humanitarian response.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: UCL Open Environment
Publisher: UCL Press
ISSN: 2632-0886
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2022 10:56
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 08:30
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/64099

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