Complexation, retention and release pattern of arsenic from humic/fulvic acid extracted from zinc and iron enriched vermicompost

Sengupta, S, Bhattacharyya, K, Mandal, Jajati ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0814-0369 and Chattopadhyay, A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2411-1384 2022, 'Complexation, retention and release pattern of arsenic from humic/fulvic acid extracted from zinc and iron enriched vermicompost' , Journal of Environmental Management, 318 , p. 115531.

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Abstract

Arsenic (As) is a highly poisonous heavy metal with major environmental ramifications. Inorganic components such as zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe), as well as organic vermicompost, have been used as management solutions, with limited attempts of using them together. The current study involved preparing non-enriched vermicompost as well as six distinct Zn and Fe enriched vermicomposts and analyzing their chemical composition using the standard procedures. Organic fractions from these seven vermicompost and arsenic polluted soils of West Bengal, India were recovered and separated into humic (HA) and fulvic acid (FA) fractions. Potentiometric titrations, viscometric assays, and visible spectrophotometry were used to characterize the HA and FA samples. In aqueous phase the stability constant (log K) of the complexes formed with As indicates that stability of FA extracted from enriched vermicompost V4 (Zn and Fe sulphate @ 10% w/w dry weight basis of composting substrates before application of vermiworms) was maximum as 10.20 with a mole ratio (x) value of 1.36. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) studies confirmed the complexation of As with HA/FA. The release isotherm of As from the HA/FA complexes in the presence of competitive oxy-anions was found to follow the order of sulphate > nitrate > phosphate.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Management
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-4797
Depositing User: Jajati Mandal
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2022 15:14
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 08:34
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/64245

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