Privacy shield: a system for edge computing using asynchronous federated learning

Khalid, A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9880-5429, Aziz, ZUH ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0797-1507 and Fathi, MS 2022, 'Privacy shield: a system for edge computing using asynchronous federated learning' , Scientific Programming, 2022 .

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Abstract

Due to increase in IoT devices, the data produced every day are also increasing rapidly. The growth in data means more processing and more computations are required without delay. This introduced us to a new horizon of the computing infrastructure, i.e., edge computing. Edge computing gained prominence as a solution to the problem of delayed transmission, processing, and response by the cloud architecture. It was further augmented with the field of artificial intelligence. It has become a topic in research with preservation of data privacy as the focal point. This paper provides Privacy Shield, a system for edge computing using asynchronous federated learning, where multiple edge nodes perform federated learning while keeping their private data hidden from one another. Contrary to the pre-existing distributed learning, the suggested system reduces the calls between the edge nodes and the main server during the training process ensuring that there is no negative impact on the accuracy of the mode. We used different values of Ω that affect the accuracy and the compression ratio. In the interval of Ω = [0.2, 0.4], the C-ratio increases and the value of Ω and the compression ratio value are directly proportional regardless of the fluctuations. We analyzed the accuracy of the model which increases along with the increase in compression ratio. Compressing the gradient communications reduces the likelihood of the data of being attacked. As the nodes train asynchronously on limited and different kinds of samples, the binary weights adjustment method was used to handle the resulting “unbalanced” learning. The MNIST and Cifar10 dataset were used for testing in both tasks, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Contributors: Ali, S (Editor)
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Programming
Publisher: Hindawi
ISSN: 1058-9244
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2022 07:59
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 08:03
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/64438

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