Numerical modelling of the effects of temperature and moisture on mechanical response

Ammasai Sengodan, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-0534, Allegri, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0769-8400 and Hallett, S ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0751-8323 2019, Numerical modelling of the effects of temperature and moisture on mechanical response , in: 7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Mechanical Response of Composites, 18 Sep 2019 - 20 Sep 2019, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

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Abstract

Hi-fidelity finite element models with physically based failure criteria are now well established for fiber reinforced composites, giving good accuracy at standard room temperature conditions. However, the mechanical properties of fiber reinforced composites, especially the matrix and fiber/matrix interface are sensitive to in-service conditions such as, temperature and humidity. These degradation effects are rarely accounted for in predictive failure models and have only thus far been presented as either independent temperature or moisture models. No effective and comprehensive failure models or criteria exist for hot-wet conditions. In this work, a semi-empirical model based on Zhurkov’s kinetic theory was developed for hygro-thermal strength degradation of both the composite plies and interfaces of a thermoset epoxy laminate along with empirically based models for stiffness and fracture energy. These models were implemented in a Continuum Damage Model (CDM) based user material subroutine in the Abaqus Explicit finite element software, and validated against experimental data available in the literature for various configurations. The simulation of open hole tensile test of room temperature dry (RTD) and elevated temperature wet (ETW) specimens are carried out. The predicted strength values are within the error limits of the experimental data. For this specific configuration, ETW strength increases (~12%) from RTD due to the hygro-hermal residual stresses of interface and matrix. Othercases, such as in-plane shear and short beam strength show considerable knock down.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: 7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Mechanical Response of Composites, Girona, Spain, 18/09/19
Publisher: Bristol Composites Institute (ACCIS)
Depositing User: Dr Ganapathi Ammasai Sengodan
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2022 11:08
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2022 11:08
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/64955

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