Experimental and numerical investigation of process-induced deformations of a wind turbine blade composite spar cap

Ammasai Sengodan, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-0534, Joshi, SC and Chen, Z 2017, 'Experimental and numerical investigation of process-induced deformations of a wind turbine blade composite spar cap' , Journal of Composite Materials, 51 (27) .

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A scaled, 7.5-mm thick, unidirectional glass/epoxy wind turbine spar cap cured in a vacuum-assisted oven was found to have attained non-uniform thickness along its length. Edge deformations were severe, leading to noticeable edge curvature even at the vacuum pressure. These unforeseen discrepancies could only be predicted and/or dealt beforehand through a process simulation that integrates the complete processing physics. A fully coupled numerical simulation of composites manufacturing was established and implemented for a portion of a spar cap in multiphysics finite element software. Phenomena such as resin flow-induced compaction and cure-induced deformation were captured. The simulation results indicated that even though the distorted edge of the laminate is trimmed off, there will still be some curvature left within the part. It was noted that simulating percolation flow of resin alone leads to less accurate deformation predictions. Therefore, a method to include shear flow-induced deformation of the resin-saturated fiber beds were proposed and implemented. Such a fully coupled and integrated procedure is useful for optimizing process parameters to achieve intended final part with accurate dimensions and minimal manufacturing-induced defects or deformities.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Composite Materials
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0021-9983
Depositing User: Dr Ganapathi Ammasai Sengodan
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2022 13:53
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2022 13:53
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/64970

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