Mechanisms and component design of prosthetic knees : a review from a biomechanical function perspective

Liang, W, Qian, Z, Chen, W, Song, H, Cao, Y, Wei, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2613-902X, Ren, L, Wang, K and Ren, L 2022, 'Mechanisms and component design of prosthetic knees : a review from a biomechanical function perspective' , Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 10 .

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Abstract

Prosthetic knees are state-of-the-art medical devices that use mechanical mechanisms and components to simulate the normal biological knee function for individuals with transfemoral amputation. A large variety of complicated mechanical mechanisms and components have been employed; however, they lack clear relevance to the walking biomechanics of users in the design process. This article aims to bridge this knowledge gap by providing a review of prosthetic knees from a biomechanical perspective and includes stance stability, early-stance flexion and swing resistance, which directly relate the mechanical mechanisms to the perceived walking performance, i.e., fall avoidance, shock absorption, and gait symmetry. The prescription criteria and selection of prosthetic knees depend on the interaction between the user and prosthesis, which includes five functional levels from K0 to K4. Misunderstood functions and the improper adjustment of knee prostheses may lead to reduced stability, restricted stance flexion, and unnatural gait for users. Our review identifies current commercial and recent studied prosthetic knees to provide a new paradigm for prosthetic knee analysis and facilitates the standardization and optimization of prosthetic knee design. This may also enable the design of functional mechanisms and components tailored to regaining lost functions of a specific person, hence providing individualized product design.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
ISSN: 2296-4185
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 14:37
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2022 14:45
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/65094

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