A hydroalcoholic extract of Senecio nutans SCh. Bip (Asteraceae) ; its effects on cardiac function and chemical characterization

Palacios, J, Paredes, A, Cifuentes, F, Catalan, MA, Garcia-Villalon, AL, Borquez, J, Simirgiotis, MJ, Jones, MA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7064-611X, Foster, Amy and Greensmith, DJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6459-523X 2022, 'A hydroalcoholic extract of Senecio nutans SCh. Bip (Asteraceae) ; its effects on cardiac function and chemical characterization' , Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 300 .

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Ethnopharmacology relevance The plant Senecio nutans SCh. Bip. is used by Andean communities to treat altitude sickness. Recent evidence suggests it may produce vasodilation and negative cardiac inotropy, though the cellular mechanisms have not been elucidated. Purpose To determinate the mechanisms action of S. nutans on cardiovascular function in normotensive animals. Methods The effect of the extract on rat blood pressure was measured with a transducer in the carotid artery and intraventricular pressure by a Langendorff system. The effects on sheep ventricular intracellular calcium handling and contractility were evaluated using photometry. Ultra-high-performance liquid-chromatography with diode array detection coupled with heated electrospray-ionization quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometric detection (UHPLC-DAD-ESI-Q-OT-MSn) was used for extract chemical characterization. Results In normotensive rats, S. nutans (10 mg/kg) reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP) by 40% (p < 0.05), causing a dose-dependent coronary artery dilation and decreased left ventricular pressure. In isolated cells, S. nutans extract (1 μg/ml) rapidly reduced the [Ca2+]i transient amplitude and sarcomere shorting by 40 and 49% (p < 0.001), respectively. The amplitude of the caffeine evoked [Ca2+]i transient was reduced by 24% (p < 0.001), indicating reduced sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content. Sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) activity increased by 17% (p < 0.05), while sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) activity was decreased by 21% (p < 0.05). LC-MS results showed the presence of vitamin C, malic acid, and several antioxidant phenolic acids reported for the first time. Dihydroeuparin and 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methylbut-2-enyl) acetophenone were abundant in the extract. Conclusion In normotensive animals, S. nutans partially reduces MAP by decreasing heart rate and cardiac contractility. This negative inotropy is accounted for by decreased SERCA activity and increased NCX activity which reduces SR Ca2+ content. These results highlight the plant's potential as a source of novel cardio-active phytopharmaceuticals or nutraceuticals.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-8741
Funders: Fondecyt-Chile
Depositing User: MA Jones
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2022 07:36
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2022 09:45
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/65182

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