Snell's law for nonlinear beams

Christian, JM ORCID:, McDonald, GS ORCID:, Sanchez-Curto, J and Chamorro-Posada, P 2010, Snell's law for nonlinear beams , in: SEE Celebration of Research, 30th June 2011, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK.

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The refraction of plane waves at a uniform boundary between dissimilar linear dielectric materials is perhaps one of the oldest and best-understood phenomenon in optics. In contrast, the behaviour of a beam with a finite transverse cross-section is much less well understood. The situation is even more complicated when the two materials in question are nonlinear in nature. Seminal analyses some two decades ago considered scalar spatial optical solitons incident on the boundary between two dissimilar Kerr-type media [1]. While these analyses were highly instructive, they were based upon a governing nonlinear Schrödinger equation whose central tenet was that angles of incidence, reflection and refraction must be negligibly small. In practice, this is not entirely satisfactory since one would like these angles to be unconstrained. To this end, we have recently developed a theory describing the refraction of soliton beams incident at any angle on a Kerr-type interface [2]. Our latest efforts have been to extend our Kerr analyses to a much wider class of power-law materials, of which the Kerr nonlinearity is a particular case. By a curious twist of fate, it turns out that the full nonlinear-beams problem can be described by a simple generalization of the trivially-familiar Snell’s law.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Themes: Energy
Media, Digital Technology and the Creative Economy
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Refereed: Yes
Depositing User: JM Christian
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2011 15:46
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 18:05
References: [1] A B Aceves, J V Moloney, and A C Newell, Phys Rev A 39, 1809 (1989). [2] J Sanchez-Curto, P Chamorro-Posada and G S McDonald, Opt Lett 32, 1126 (2007).

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