Silicon-Modified rare-earth transitions - a new route to Near- and Mid-IR Photonics

Hughes, MA ORCID:, Lourenco, MA, Lai, KT, Sofi, IM, Ludurczak, W, Wong, L, Gwilliam, RM and Homewood, KP 2016, 'Silicon-Modified rare-earth transitions - a new route to Near- and Mid-IR Photonics' , Advanced Functional Materials, 26 (12) , pp. 1986-1994.

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Silicon underpins microelectronics but lacks the photonic capability needed for next-generation systems and currently relies on a highly undesirable hybridization of separate discrete devices using direct band gap semiconductors. Rare-earth (RE) implantation is a promising approach to bestow photonic capability to silicon but is limited to internal RE transition wavelengths. Reported here is the first observation of direct optical transitions from the silicon band edge to internal f-levels of implanted REs (Ce, Eu, and Yb); this overturns previously held assumptions about the alignment of RE levels to the silicon band gap. The photoluminescence lines are massively redshifted to several technologically useful wavelengths and modeling of their splitting indicates that they must originate from the REs. Eu-implanted silicon devices display a greatly enhanced electroluminescence efficiency of 8%. Also observed is the first crystal field splitting in Ce luminescence. Mid-IR silicon photodetectors with specific detectivities comparable to existing state-of-the-art mid-IR detectors are demonstrated.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Advanced Functional Materials
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 1616-301X
Related URLs:
Funders: European Research Council
Depositing User: Dr Mark Hughes
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 14:48
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 20:40

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