Integrating multiple analytical platforms and chemometrics for comprehensive metabolic profiling: application to meat spoilage detection

Xu, Y, Correa, E ORCID: and Goodacre, R 2013, 'Integrating multiple analytical platforms and chemometrics for comprehensive metabolic profiling: application to meat spoilage detection' , Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 405 (15) , pp. 5063-5074.

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Untargeted metabolic profiling has become a common approach to attempt to understand biological systems. However, due to the large chemical diversity in the metabolites it is generally necessary to employ multiple analytical platforms so as to encompass a wide range of metabolites. Thus it is beneficial to find chemometrics approaches which can effectively integrate data generated from multiple platforms and ideally combine the strength of each platform and overcome their inherent weaknesses; most pertinent is with respect to limited chemistries. We have reported a few studies using untargeted metabolic profiling techniques to monitor the natural spoilage process in pork and also to detect specific metabolites associated with contaminations with the pathogen Salmonella typhimurium. One method used was to analyse the volatile organic compounds (VoCs) generated throughout the spoilage process while the other was to analyse the soluble small molecule metabolites (SMM) extracted from the microbial community, as well as from the surface of the spoiled/contaminated meat. In this study, we exploit multi-block principal component analysis (MB-PCA) and multi-block partial least squares (MB-PLS) to combine the VoCs and SMM data together and compare the results obtained by analysing each data set individually. We show that by combining the two data sets and applying appropriate chemometrics, a model with much better prediction and importantly with improved interpretability was obtained. The MB-PCA model was able to combine the strength of both platforms together and generated a model with high consistency with the biological expectations, despite its unsupervised nature. MB-PLS models also achieved the best over-all performance in modelling the spoilage progression and discriminating the naturally spoiled samples and the pathogen contaminated samples. Correlation analysis and Bayesian network analysis were also performed to elucidate which metabolites were correlated strongly in the two data sets and such information could add additional information in understanding the meat spoilage process.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1618-2642
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Elon Correa
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 14:39
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 18:10

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