Stance phase mechanical characterization of transtibial prostheses distal to the socket : a review

Major, MJ, Kenney, LPJ ORCID:, Twiste, M ORCID: and Howard, D ORCID: 2012, 'Stance phase mechanical characterization of transtibial prostheses distal to the socket : a review' , Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 49 (6) , pp. 815-830.

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Achieving the required functionality of a trans-tibial prosthesis during the stance phase of gait (e.g., shock absorption, close to normal roll-over characteristics, and smooth transition into swing) depends on the “Amputee Independent Prosthesis Properties” (AIPPs), defined here as the mechanical properties of the prosthesis that directly influence the performance of the amputee. Accordingly, if research studies are to advance the design of prostheses to achieve improved user performance, AIPPs must be a primary consideration. However, the majority of reported studies can be categorized as either human performance testing of commercial prosthetic components or AIPP characterization; and only in a few notable cases have authors reported studies in which these two approaches are combined. Moreover, very little consistency exists in the current methods used for AIPP characterization, thus making comparisons between the results of such studies very difficult. This paper introduces a framework for studying prosthesis design, which includes AIPP characterization, human performance and/or gait simulation studies, and detailed design. This framework provides a structure for reviewing previous approaches to AIPP characterization, discussing both their merits and shortcomings, and their use in previous experimental and simulation studies. For the purposes of this review, stance phase AIPP models have been categorized as either lumped parameter or roll-over shape based.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Publisher: Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs
ISSN: 0748-7711
Related URLs:
Depositing User: M Twiste
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 13:38
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 22:05

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