EMG gait data from indwelling electrodes is attenuated over time and changes independent of any experimental effect

Reeves, JE, Starbuck, C ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6266-2876 and Nester, CJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1688-320X 2020, 'EMG gait data from indwelling electrodes is attenuated over time and changes independent of any experimental effect' , Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 54 , p. 102461.

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The effect of time on the validity of electromyography (EMG) signals from indwelling fine-wire electrodes has not been explored. This is important because experiments using intramuscular electrodes are often long and biochemical and mechanical factors, may impair measurement accuracy over time. Measures over extended periods might therefore be erroneous. Twelve healthy participants (age=33±8 years) walked for 50 minutes at a controlled speed. Fine-wire electrodes were inserted into tibialis anterior and a surface EMG sensor attached near the fine-wire insertion site. EMG signals progressively and significantly decreased with time with the fine-wire electrode, but not the surface electrode. For the fine-wire electrode, after 25 minutes mean amplitude had reduced by 11% (p<0.001) and after 50 minutes by 16% (p<0.001), and peak amplitude reduced 22% at 20 minutes (p=0.006) and 37% at 50 minutes (p<0.001). Reduced amplitude with indwelling EMG without concurrent changes in surface EMG signal suggests an important inconsistency in data from fine-wire EMG electrodes. Changes in EMG signal will occur over time independent of the experimental condition and this questions their use in experiments of more than 30 minutes. These results should impact on experimental study design. They also invite reinterpretation of prior literature and sensor innovation to improve measurement performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 10506411 **History: issue date 30-08-2020; accepted 25-08-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1050-6411
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 10:06
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 17:39
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/58128

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