Security challenges of Internet of Underwater Things : a systematic literature review

Yisa, AG, Dargahi, T ORCID:, Belguith, S ORCID: and Hammoudeh, M 2021, 'Security challenges of Internet of Underwater Things : a systematic literature review' , Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, 32 (3) , e4203.

PDF - Accepted Version
Download (322kB) | Preview
Access Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Yisa, AG, Dargahi, T, Belguith, S, Hammoudeh, M. Security challenges of Internet of Underwater Things: A systematic literature review. Trans Emerging Tel Tech. 2021; 32:e4203., which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.


Water covers approximately 71% of the earth surface, yet much of the underwater world remains unexplored due to technology limitations. Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a network of underwater objects that enables monitoring subsea environment remotely. Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN) is the main enabling technology for IoUT. UWSNs are characterised by the limitations of the underlying acoustic communication medium, high energy consumption, lack of hardware resources to implement computationally intensive tasks and dynamic network topology due to node mobility. These characteristics render UNWSNs vulnerable to different attacks, such as Wormhole, Sybil, flooding, jamming, spoofing and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. This article reviews peer-reviewed literature that addresses the security challenges and attacks on UWSNs as well as possible mitigative solutions. Findings show that the biggest contributing factors to security threats in UWSNs are the limited energy supply, the limited communication medium and the harsh underwater communication conditions. Researchers in this field agree that the security measures of terrestrial wireless sensor networks are not directly applicable to UWSNs due to the unique nature of the underwater environment where resource management becomes a significant challenge. This article also outlines future research directions on security and privacy challenges of IoUT and UWSN.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2161-3915
Related URLs:
Depositing User: T Dargahi
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2020 14:03
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 16:37

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year