A rapid systematic review of public responses to health messages encouraging vaccination against infectious diseases in a pandemic or epidemic

Lawes-Wickwar, S, Ghio, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0580-0205, Tang, M, Keyworth, C, Stanescu, S, Westbrook, J and et al, 2020, A rapid systematic review of public responses to health messages encouraging vaccination against infectious diseases in a pandemic or epidemic [Experiment].

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Access Information: This is a pre-print summarising an experiment. The link above directs to the latest version of this output. A record for the final, peer-reviewed output is available at: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59414/ or can be accessed directly using the following link: https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9020072


Background: Public health teams need to understand how the public responds to vaccination messages in a pandemic or epidemic to inform successful campaigns encouraging the uptake of new vaccines as they become available. Methods: A rapid systematic review was performed by searching PsycINFO, MEDLINE, healthevidence.org, OSF Preprints and PsyArXiv Preprints in May 2020 for studies including at least one health message promoting vaccine uptake of droplet spread viruses. Non-English language studies and dissertations were excluded in line with using rapid review methodology. Included studies were assessed for quality using the MMAT or AMSTAR, and for patient and public involvement (PPI) in designing and/or conducting the research. Results: Thirty-five articles were included. Most reported messages for seasonal influenza (n=11; 31%) or H1N1 (n = 11; 31%) and only seven studies (20%) sampled vulnerable populations at higher risk of mortality/morbidity from viruses, e.g. older adults. Evidence from moderate to high quality studies for improving vaccine uptake included providing: information about virus risks, vaccination safety, and addressing misunderstandings about vaccination, vaccination reminders, detail about vaccination clinics and their locations, and mixed media campaigns at scale across hospitals or communities. Behavioural influences (beliefs and intentions) were improved when shorter messages, risk-reducing, or relative risk framing was used, the benefits of vaccination to society were emphasised, and beliefs about capability to be vaccinated and concerns among target populations (e.g. about vaccine safety) were addressed. Clear, credible, messages in language target groups can understand were found acceptable. Two studies (6%) described PPI in the research process. Conclusions: This review has identified effective messages to encourage vaccination and improve vaccination beliefs and intentions. Future campaigns should consider the beliefs and information needs of target populations in their design. Findings were inconclusive whether the medium through which the message was delivered, e.g. text message, affected outcomes. More high quality research is needed to demonstrate the behavioural outcomes of messaging interventions.

Item Type: Experiment
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Daniela Ghio
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2021 09:12
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:48
URI: https://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59270

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