Shark and ray trade in and out of Indonesia : addressing knowledge gaps on the path to sustainability

Prasetyo, AP, McDevitt, A ORCID:, Murray, JM, Barry, J, Agung, F ORCID:, Muttaqin, E and Mariani, S ORCID: 2021, 'Shark and ray trade in and out of Indonesia : addressing knowledge gaps on the path to sustainability' , Marine Policy, 133 , p. 104714.

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Indonesian marine resources are among the richest on the planet, sustaining highly diverse fisheries. These fisheries include the largest shark and ray landings in the world, making Indonesia one of the world’s largest exporters of elasmobranch products. Socio-economic and food security considerations pertaining to Indonesian communities add further layers of complexity to the management and conservation of these vulnerable species. This study investigates the elasmobranch trade flows in and out of Indonesia and attempts to examine patterns and drivers of the current scenario. We identify substantial discrepancies between reported landings and declared exports, and between Indonesian exports in elasmobranch fin and meat products and the corresponding figures reported by importing countries. These mismatches are estimated to amount to over $43.6 M and $20.9 M for fins and meat, respectively, for the period between 2012 and 2018. Although the declared exports are likely to be an underestimation because of significant unreported or illegal trading activities, we note that domestic consumption of shark and ray products may also explain these discrepancies. The study also unearths a general scenario of unsystematic data collection and lack of granularity of product terminology, which is inadequate to meet the challenges of over-exploitation, illegal trade and food security in Indonesia. We discuss how to improve data transparency to support trade regulations and governance actions, by improving inspection measures, and conserving elasmobranch populations without neglecting the socio-economic dimension of this complex system.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Policy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0308-597X
Related URLs:
Funders: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Depositing User: Dr A McDevitt
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2021 07:02
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 17:32

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