Introgression from non-native species unveils a hidden threat to the migratory Neotropical fish Prochilodus hartii

Guimaraes Sales, N ORCID:, Pessali, TG, Neto, FRA and Carvalho, DC 2017, 'Introgression from non-native species unveils a hidden threat to the migratory Neotropical fish Prochilodus hartii' , Biological Invasions, 20 , pp. 555-566.

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Invasive species are one of the greatest threats to biodiversity, due to competition, predation, pathogen spread, and hybridization. The latter may remain undetected and impair the survival of species, due to genetic admixture and hybrid swarming (i.e., interbreeding between hybrid individuals and backcrossing with parental species). The impact of invasive species remains poorly studied in the Neotropical ichthyofauna, particularly when considering the potential for hybridization between native and introduced species. Due to fisheries importance and its commercial value, species of the Prochilodus genus have been introduced to other catchments in Brazil. Here, we evaluate the introduction of non-native Prochilodus species and the potential effect of hybridization with the native migratory fish P. hartii. To evaluate possible introgression of Prochilodus spp. to P. hartii in the Jequitinhonha river basin (JRB), we employed a morphogenetic approach, analysing 219 specimens sampled from a broad extent of the river basin. Morphological analyses using meristic characters were incongruent with molecular identification by DNA barcoding (COI) in 22.83% of the analysed specimens. Haplotypes from three non-native species (P. argenteus, P. costatus, and P. lineatus) were recovered from specimens morphologically identified as P. hartii. Hybridization between P. hartii and introduced species was confirmed using co-dominant nuclear microsatellite markers. We observed a pronounced introgression pattern in this Neotropical basin, and paradoxically, despite being one of the most abundant migratory species native to the JRB, due to ongoing levels of introgression, P. hartii’s genetic integrity and conservation might be affected.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Biological Invasions
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1387-3547
Funders: CNPq, Projeto Peixe Vivo—CEMIG, INCT, CAPES-PRO Equipamentos
Depositing User: N Guimaraes Sales
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2023 11:16
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2023 11:30

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