Regulation of myocardial interleukin-6 expression by p53 and STAT1

Carroll, CJ, Sayan, BS ORCID:, Bailey, S and McCormick, J 2013, 'Regulation of myocardial interleukin-6 expression by p53 and STAT1' , Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research, 33 (9) .

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Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The interferon inducible transcriptional activator signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) and p53 are two critical transcriptional factors that have pivotal roles in cardiac biology and pathology. Here we describe a novel interplay between these two key players that critically regulate the levels of the pleiotropic interleukin 6 (IL6) in the heart. We provide in vivo evidence to demonstrate that, in cardiac tissues, STAT1 is a positive regulator of IL6 expression and it competes with the suppressive effect of p53 to sustain basal IL6 levels. Induction of IL6 expression in response to interferon gamma (IFNγ), a well-characterized activator of STAT1, parallels that of STAT1 phosphorylation and induction of STAT1 target genes, such as the interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), major histocompatibility complex class II transactivator (C2ta), and β2-microglobulin (B2m). Furthermore, hearts from STAT1 knockout mice fail to induce IL6 expression in response to IFNγ. More importantly, we showed that this regulatory system is not functional in mouse embryonic fibroblasts, suggesting that activation of IL6 expression by STAT1 may be tissue specific. IL6 is a major effector of inflammation and cardiac hypertrophy, two major processes involved in heart failure, and therefore, understanding the molecular mechanisms regulating IL6 expression will enable better therapies and treatments for cardiovascular disease patients.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN: 1079-9907
Depositing User: BS Sayan
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2023 13:38
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2023 13:38

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