Phylogenetics and an updated taxonomic status of the Tamarins (Callitrichinae, Cebidae)

Brcko, I, Carneiro, J, Ruiz-García, M, Boubli, JP ORCID:, Silva-Júnior, J, Farias, I, Hrbek, T, Schneider, H and Sampaio, I 2022, 'Phylogenetics and an updated taxonomic status of the Tamarins (Callitrichinae, Cebidae)' , Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 173 , p. 107504.

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Traditionally, Saguinus has been organized into six taxonomic groups: bicolor, inustus, midas, mystax, nigricollis, and oedipus. After recent revisions, taxonomic reclassifications were proposed, including (1) the recognition of Leontocebus as a new genus, and (2) the subdivision of Saguinus into three subgenera. Nonetheless, the contradictory nature of these results reinforces the inconsistency concerning the monophyletic status of tamarins and its interspecific phylogeny. Therefore, in this study, we carried out phylogenetic inferences of Saguinus based on 44 molecular markers, of which 37 were from nuclear DNA and seven from mitochondrial DNA. A final dataset of 24,202 base pairs (bp) was obtained from 60 specimens of all recognized species of Saguinus and, also representatives of two main lineages of Leontocebus. Phylogenetic hypothesis was obtained from Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods. We also construct a Species Tree and a fossil-calibrated multi-locus phylogeny to estimate the time of divergence of Tamarins. Our phylogenetic results validated Leontocebus, or nigricollis group, as monophyletic, and recovered additionally three main clades within Saguinus. Same topology was obtained by the Species Tree. These clades correspond to (1) inustus + mystax groups, (2) oedipus group and (3) bicolor + midas group. Our results show support for a 10.5-million-year-old split between Leontocebus and the remaining Saguinus, followed by two other cladogenetic events, around 9.3 and 7.2 mya, which lead to the rise of the main clades of Saguinus. These phylogenetic data, in concert with the consistent morphological, ecological behavior and biogeographic evidence suggest a new classification for the Amazonian and trans-Andean tamarins. Therefore, we support the validation of Leontocebus as genus and recommend the split of Saguinus into three genera: (1) Tamarinus (inustus and mystax groups), (2) Oedipomidas (oedipus group), and (3) Saguinus (bicolor and midas groups).

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1055-7903
Funders: CNPq Brazil
Depositing User: Prof JP Boubli
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2023 13:18
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2023 13:18

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